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Morphogroups

Morphogroups are convenient categories in which to place fungi based on shape and other shared visible characteristics. Species that are in the same morphogroup are not necessarily related - genetically they could be quite dissimilair - but placing species that look alike together into a morphogroup can make it easier to navigate through a field guide to find the species that you are after. Different field guides may use different terminology for morphogroups, and they may have more or less categories than other guides, depending on the characteristics which they deem important.

Here is a summary of the Fungimap morphorgoups, which you will find in Fungi Down Under Online (FDU Online):

Agarics:

Gills, like radiating blades, underneath a cap. Fleshy texture.
Beech Orange: Round, orange fruit-bodies with large pits.
Boletes: Have tubes opening by pores under their caps. Soft or fleshy texture.
Brackets:  Shelf- or shell-shaped. Spores formed on underside of the shelf.
Chanterelles: Shallow gill folds extend down the stem underneath the cap. Fleshy texture.
Clubs: Club-shaped. Fleshy or tough texture. Spores formed on outside of head. (See also Corals.)
Corals: Coral-like or club-shaped (See also Clubs). Fleshy texture.
Crusts:  Thick or thin crust. Spores formed on outer surface.
Cups:  Cup-shaped. Spores formed on inner surface of cup.
Discs:  Small, disc-shaped. Spores formed on upper surface.
Earthstars:  Powdery spores enclosed in a sac, surrounded by star-shaped rays.
Jellies:  Brain-like mass or individual clubs. Jelly-like or rubbery texture.
Leathers:  Smooth or wrinkled lower surface. Tough texture.
Lichens:  Green (because of the algal layer), usually flat or bushy.
Morels:  Honeycomb-like head on a stem. Spores formed on surface which lines pits.
Pins:  Pin-shaped. Spores formed on head.
Polypores:  Pores (tubes) underneath their caps. Tough texture.
Puffballs: Powdery spores enclosed in a sac but which does not have any stem.
Rusts:  Tiny, dics-shaped or cylindrical, in cluster-cup stage. Always on living plants.
Slime Moulds:  Initially an amoeboid slimy mass, at maturity spores in a powdery mass.
Stinkhorns:  Cage-shaped, phallic-shaped, egg-shaped or with arms. Foul smelling slimy spore mass.
Stalked Puffballs:  Powdery spores enclosed in a sac which is supported on a tough stem.
Tooth Fungi:  Spines or teeth pointing down. Fleshy or leathery texture.
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